Objects in peasant cottages

If we compare the object world of village houses in the 19th century with that of the 1960s and 1970s, not only do we notice modernization first but also the hording both decorative and everyday objects. The scarcity of objects resulted in the multiple uses of different objects, furniture, fitted in tools, and parts of the house.

The girder was not only the most important static element of the house, but it was also storage space of little personal objects and household things. The old buckle bible, psalm book, hymnal, prayer book, the master’s holder of the razer, the pipe, the tobacco-pouch and the bars of home-made soap. Fine clothing was hung on the hammered in nails in the ‘clean room’, and the rod hung in the room was the predecessor of fitted wardrobes.

Besides being the storage place of decorative objects of the family, the ‘clean room’ was also the venue of wedding receptions, the place of the woman recently given birth, in fact it also fulfilled the role of mortuary before burials. When there was a gathering of the extended family or when a large company of visitors came, everything in the household was used to serve the guests.

In contrast with the many different interior styles of the present, the traditional home interiors were characterized by 2-3 types: corner-, parallel- and central arrangement of the furnishings. An example of corner arrangement can be seen in the clean room here. The corner circumscribed by the corner benches was a highlighted, sacred space of the house. They believed that the lightening will not strike there, and it was a save place during storms. Relics and pictures of saints were also held here.

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